There are several types of pollution that come from different sources and have various consequences. It is important to understand the different types of pollution in order to minimise their contribution and negative environmental effects.
Unfortunately, different types of pollution affect us all a lot more than we thought and can lead to considerable effects on the health of human beings as well as impacting the environment.
Air pollution refers to contamination of the atmosphere that interferes with the elements of natural air. Some of the main causes of air pollution include: vehicle exhausts, forest fires, volcanic eruptions and building constructions. Some effects of air pollution include smog, higher rain acidity, crop depletion and higher levels of asthma.
Contaminated water which decreases its quality and purity is water pollution. It is easily spread due to so many water sources around the world including oceans and rivers impacting drinking water, crops, fish and wildlife populations. Causes of water pollution include: increased remains from soil erosion, unsuitable waste disposal, leaking of soil pollution and organic material decay in water supplies.
Soil pollution constrains natural growth of land effecting cultivation, wildlife habitats and visual pollution. Causes of soil pollution include: hazardous waste, sewage spills, substantial use of pesticides, strip mining, deforestation and household dumping.
Undesirable noises can lead to noise pollution which disrupts everyday living and can lead to permanent consequences including hearing loss and wildlife disturbance. Main causes include: traffic, airports, railroads, manufacturing pants, construction and concerts.
There are governments regulations that control radioactive pollution as it can be deadly and irreversible. Causes of contamination include: nuclear power plant accidents or leaks, unsuitable nuclear waste disposal and uranium mining operations. Radioactive pollution can lead to various health problems for humans and wildlife including birth defects and cancer.
Thermal pollution is overheating over long periods of time which can lead to long term effects over larger geographic areas. Mild climate changes can have damaging effects and wildlife may not be able to recover from them. Causes of thermal pollution include: power plants, urbanisation, deforestation and a decrease in temperature controlling water supplies.
Light pollution occurs when there is over illumination of an area making it impossible to see stars and reducing the quality of life for locals. Causes of light pollution include: large cities, billboards, advertising and night time entertainment.
Visual pollution can be caused by undesirable views and can reduce the quality of life for locals as well as impacting the value of properties. Causes of visual pollution include: power lines, construction areas, billboards, advertising and neglected areas.
A type of pollution that many wouldn’t consider, personal pollution is the contamination of someone’s health and lifestyle which can lead to all sorts of physical and mental effects. Causes of personal pollution include: smoking, drinking or drug abuse, emotional or physical abuse, inadequate living conditions and lack of positive personal attitudes.
Many types of pollution are interlinked therefore it is important to recognise how changes in lifestyle can make a significant impact on the environment and others around you. With a basic knowledge of how the different pollution types are created and what effects they have, it is clear to see how the everyday pollutions such as light and thermal pollution can have such devastating consequences.
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